All eye diseases cannot be prevented but you can take measures to reduce the risk of vision loss and improve your eye health. Vision problems are common across the world. According to the estimates, more than 20 million Americans currently suffer from severe vision loss. Imbalances in HGH levels also affect vision. Preventative measures and regular eye exams can prevent these problems.

According to Dr Marguerite McDonald, clinical correspondent for the American Academy of Ophthalmology, “Proper care and caution is very important to prevent serious eye diseases and possible blindness,” wearing sunglasses and having an annual exam can save your vision and eye health. Here are some tips that American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends to safeguard your eyesight.

Wear sunglasses:

Wearing sunglasses is quite beneficial as they block 100 percent of ultraviolet (UV) rays from entering into the eyes. Sunglasses protect your eyes from direct sunlight that can damage the retina. They also protect the fragile eyelid skin and lessen the risk of wrinkles and skin cancer around the eye.

Avoid smoking:

Smoking has many adverse health effects that include age-related macular degeneration (AMD). According to the studies, smokers and ex smokers have more chances to develop AMD than non smokers. They are also at higher risk of having low testosterone levels and developing cataracts.

Eat right:

Minerals and vitamin deficiencies impair retinal function. Green vegetables and carrots are quite good for eye’s health. According to the research, higher levels of vitamins C and E, zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin, omega-3 fatty acids DHA, and EPA in diets are less probable to develop early and advanced AMD.

Get a baseline eye exam:

Adults that have no signs and risk factors of eye disease should have an eye checkup and baseline eye disease screening at age 40 as this age is at more risk of having vision problems. An individual having a family history of eye disease, diabetes or high blood pressure, should have an eye check up after some time period and should take doctor’s recommendations about it.

Know your family history:

Many eye diseases huddle in families, so have a complete knowledge of your family’s history of eye disease and discuss it with your ophthalmologist. It can help in reducing the jeopardy of vision loss and other eye conditions.

Early intervention:

Age-related eye diseases, including cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and AMD have more chance to increase dramatically that is 28 million today and are expected to increase to 43 million by the year 2020. These eye diseases can be treated easily if diagnosed earlier. However, if you left them untreated, these diseases can cause serious vision loss and blindness.

Follow your eye doctor’s contact lens instructions:

Track your eye care provider’s instructions regarding the care and use of your contact lenses. Wearing contact lenses during sleep, using saliva or water as a wetting solution, using expired solutions, and using disposable contact lenses without recommendations can lead to corneal ulcers, severe pain, and even vision loss.

Be aware of eye fatigue:

If your eyes are tired from working at a computer or doing close work, give a gap in your work and give some rest to your eyes for twenty minutes. If the problem persists, consult with the doctor.


Eye is an important part of your body with a significant role. Eye diseases or vision problem can be much problematic; therefore, it is necessary to have proper care of eyes as stated above to avoid any eye related problems.

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